People digest what they want to digest from the news

People select the info they only like or believe in.

People select the info they only like or believe in.

 

A lot of people still seek more news and information over the Internet, and even other types of media that strongly support their political identity or what they believe in. They continue to selectively uncover themselves to the ideologically like-minded newsflash and elude info that does not bring into line our antecedent attitudes.

In a 2008 paper, by political geniuses Lance Bennett and Shanto Iyengar, they claim that in the current media industry, spectators do not have a shared context for acquiring and understanding news and information.

It is said there and they claim that with the propensity to selectively seek out content, our news and online info picks have become identical with our political identities, or just what the viewers want to hear or see.  This movement towards selectivity makes a strong motivation for media and news to fit and sell their content to an ideologically interested audience, making the content less objective that it should be.  The outcome is that systems of news uses current serve to emphasize, reinforce and make more ideologically consistent the viewpoints, rather than just giving challenging information that might temperate them. Bennett and Iyengar also recommend to these organizations a second dimension to this selectively. To those with less curiosity in public affairs, are currently dodging news all together, selecting instead to involve themselves with entertainment media and other related content.

Viewers only select the communication that are aligned with their political ideologies.

Viewers only select the communication that are aligned with their political ideologies.

In a 2009 report, researchers Lance Holbert and Kelly Garrett responded that it isn’t clear if people manage to choose the type of information that strengthens their perspectives and avoid the ones that counter their attitudes. With a series of reports, the authors declare that while it is true that people are engrossed to news and info that they agree with, they do not necessarily avoid the ones which they disagree with.

 

Photos from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/8683055/China-says-accusation-state-was-behind-massive-cyber-attacks-is-irresponsible.html and http://plateofwander.com/linan-me-student-home-invasion-part-ii/

Mobile phones and the political world

More from the youth are increasingly consuming the product.

More from the youth are increasingly consuming the product.

The dissemination of mobile phones in the daily life of a Chinese has created cooperative activities, to make it easier to organize and challenge government censorship. Stressing this new form of communication, we will shows how the traditional mass media’s responsibility as gatekeeper is declining.

 

In popular protests, there has been a growing importance of mobile media, which has gained and attracted considerable attention all over the globe, as an increasing large group of people are appropriating and domesticating their mobile phones for the real-world mobilization of shared responsibility and the following initiation, organization, and execution of social movements. Last 2011 in the spring time, everyone from around the world watched, as both online and mobile-phone–facilitated a twitter-based revolutionary commitment, has swept all over the Middle East. Being one of the current and up-to-date and eye-catching mobile-phone–facilitated revolts, also known as the “Twitter Revolution,” not only assembles prevalent offline protests, but also encourages additional study of the role of the mobile phone in common protests in the setting of growing use of mobile devices in activities such as social activism, social movements, and contentious politics.

Mobile communication as a means for protest.

Mobile communication as a means for protest

Even in China, there has been a growing use of mobile phone-facilitated protests. The use of mobile media is not just for spreading censored information, but more importantly to facilitate demonstrations and strikes, even to trigger mass incidents involving violent conflicts. In recent years, mobile communication has become a growing influence on the politics and society of China. It is a mundane communication tool and as a multi-media platform, as it connects different types of media, all into one device.

 

In the case of China, mobile communication lowers the threshold for applying and appropriating technology to struggle against the authorities by shaping itself as the weapon of the week in just a hand.

 

Photos from http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2013-12-23/how-many-iphones-can-apple-sell-in-china and http://chinesemartialstudies.com/2012/10/17/is-the-iphone-killing-kung-fu-economics-and-globalization-in-chinese-martial-studies/90s-generation-chinese-students-military-training-girl-cell-mobile-phone/

The role of the newspaper in spreading information

A Chinese newspaper stand sells hundreds of copies daily.

A Chinese newspaper stand sells hundreds of copies daily.

Media augments us with the knowledge and vital information we need. It helps us run through and connects us with the society and the world. It plays different roles when it comes to collaborating, whether at a one-on-one scale or at an audience at large. In terms of the structure of the government, media plays a huge role in connecting them with the public. There are different types of media that can help the government connect with the people. But the print medium has been the first and most reliant media out there.

The newspaper varies according to the targeted market. It would often have sections depending on what the reader is looking for: business, local, international, sports, entertainment, fashion, classifieds, etc. In the United States, it has provided over 113 million citizens around the country. In 2006, China was the largest market for daily newspapers, with 96.6m copies sold daily. It is known to be their primary source of information and news every single day.

Each newspaper comprises of a wide range of topics that rely up-to-date info

Each newspaper comprises of a wide range of topics that rely up-to-date info

These are more different with other print media, such as magazines, tabloids and newsletters. In 2004, over 400 kinds of daily newspapers were published in China. They are more of current events and facts that happen on a regular basis. It is used all over the world, even back to the time of Caesar, in the form of government bulletins. Even back in the industrial revolution, newspapers were created as a means of communicating. This is where journalism started. It relays the newest information to the public regarding political, economical, business, social, sports and other happenings in the country, and even the world. It is one of the most reliant types of media as it reaches in all areas of the country, even in both urban and rural areas. It also provides different perspectives and sides of every story, to give readers the full-blown story.

 

Photos from http://news.ph.msn.com/regional/china-foreign-news-ban-criticised-by-media-group-2 and http://www.dreamstime.com/stock-photography-newspaper-sections-image15580212

 

 

Media in the formation of Identity in Asia

Children today have increasingly engage themselves in technology every day.

Children today have increasingly engage themselves in technology every day.

As we go through our every day lives, we get to encounter different types of communication, whether it may be to one person, or even to a large group of people. With this, we begin to develop certain identities within ourselves. According to Martin & Nakayama, identity is created by the development of one’s self, in spurts, through communication over long period of time. Identities are also formed due to the influences of the different factors of society.

 

It is difficult in this century where in young people are surrounded by a lot of influential imagery, most especially in the popular media. Identity can no longer be formed merely in just a small community or a group of people, like your family. Today, arguably, everything seems to be media-saturated. It is pretty much obvious that in forming and nurturing an identity of a young man or woman, would definitely make use of imagery from the popular media. In the current times, it is pretty normal for kids to have their gadgets, cellphones and tablets on a daily basis. They would also have a way of accessing the web, whether it may be from their own technologies, in school or even at home. Although internet access can also be tamed with the consent of the parents, and how far they are willing to give freedom to their child. With this, the sense of one’s self is somehow shaped with the help of their parents. It is how they are raised as they grow up: they way they are dressed, how they act towards other people, etc. It is important to establish the identity the person, even at an early age. So as they grow up, whatever factors may occur, their self is still intact because of the core identity that they are nurtured with.

It is important for the family  to form and nurture the identity of their child.

It is important for the family to form and nurture the identity of their child.

 

Photos from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/women/mother-tongue/9516978/Child-raising-costs-increased-by-12-per-cent.html and http://lifereallymatters.com/preschoolers-outperform-college-students-figuring-gadgets/

Propaganda in Chinese Communication

There has been a rapid growth of the use of Internet in China over the past 2 decades.

There has been a rapid growth of the use of Internet in China over the past 2 decades.

Over the past twenty years, the people from China has been experiencing a rapid spread of information and communication technology that has given the ascent to different social networking sites. These online tools have the power to even counter the country’s adaptive propaganda state.

A lot of scholars and experts in today’s time have been currently doing an ongoing study on the transformation of political communication within the country of China. It is found that the state has the capability to gather all information from social media and control the media through commercialization of mainstream media. They have continuously gained the power over these technologies to facilitate and mandate public supervision of the Communist Party in the country. The information intake of these people have radically transformed the relationship between the government and society.

Criticism is found in news reporting and personal blog posts, and this does not just go for China, a lot of people from different countries have this capability, because as far as they know, Internet is a tool where they can exercise their freedom to project what they feel or think. In short, an avenue where they can freely express their emotions and opinions. It may often contain politically sensitive forms of criticism about the central party-state, local officials, social phenomena or even corporations. Pluralism is very much evident in this type of situation. It is the presence of two opposing parties’ perspectives regarding the same issue or concern. But with articles or blog postings that only contain one side of the perspective or story regarding the government, it is definitely categorized as a propaganda material, and how this shapes or guides the opinion of the public.

It has been found that Internet can be a tool for propaganda.

It has been found that Internet can be a tool for propaganda.

The internet has developed a more free environment towards traditional media, like newspapers and print. That is why a lot of people are moving towards this space.

 

Photos from http://www.theguardian.com/technology/internet+world/censorship and http://www.theatlantic.com/china/archive/2013/09/enough-with-the-word-netizen/279969/

The Virtual Political System

Weibo is known to be one tool in voicing out the people's concerns.

Weibo is known to be one tool in voicing out the people’s concerns.

Though the internet has not produced a revolution or a propaganda in the political system of China, many still do not and cannot use for any of my brands. It is definitely resulting to a revolution. The web has become a virtual political system in itself. It provides users with the transparency it deserves to get, the rule of law, and the official accountability. There are over 450 million internet users from China, and it has been constantly increasing on a daily basis. For Beijing, it is most certainly a threat as information goes through gender, age, professional and provincial boundaries. News spreads quick, most especially on government corruption and even cover-ups get published online and go viral in just minutes, making the government think of quick and flexible reactions, which has not been China’s strength in its political system. Some examples are the Chinese nationalists who continue to fight and support their causes via the web. These nationalists do not only protest at the streets, but through the help of the internet, they can also revolt in the web regarding the historical inaccuracies, as what is found in the current text books, and to call for vengeance.

The government is afraid that online communities might destroy their image.

The government is afraid that online communities might destroy their image.

If you may ask, what do these Chinese people look forward to after posting these types of information. Nothing out of the ordinary really. Just as long as their concerns are heard and are addressed, then they are fine.

Aside from the anti-Japanese protests due to the arguments in the South China sea, China still continues to encourage the government to adopt a more difficult stance in the ongoing protests. It must be brought up to the point has also become the tool for a critical system the lack of electricity. A lot of leaders from China are committed in controlling virtual communication.

 

Photos from http://edition.cnn.com/2012/06/20/world/asia/china-weibo-membership-fees/index.html and http://successogram.com/10-key-points-to-consider-while-building-an-online-community/

Censorship in the Media

China restricts sites like Google, Facebook and Youtube.

China restricts sites like Google, Facebook and Youtube.

China is also known as “the People’s Republic of China,” which works as a single-party socialist republic nation. The leadership, which is the Communist Party, is the one and only group that holds the power in the country. Other than that, the leadership of the country includes the Communist Party of China, the Central People’s Government and their respective provincial representatives. Registered voters select the people’s congress members, starting at the local level, up to the main purposes of the congress, which role is to overlook the local government. They then choose the next set of congress’s members, which is known to be the Provincial People’s Congress. The Provincial People’s Congress votes for the members of the National People’s Congress. It might be deemed as confusing and complex, but the Chinese political system is seen to be, and works as a leveled system. This means that the each committee or sector of the government at each level has a very important role in controlling the different local affairs of the country.

Voters have the capability to choose the leaders that would overlook the local government.

Voters have the capability to choose the leaders that would overlook the local government.

Chinese media system works in three ways. First, it has the responsibility in serving the state by spreading appropriate information. Second, the media are not allowed to criticize the state. And lastly, both private and public owned media are controlled by the state. This model basically summarizes the current media system of China. As many people know, the government restricts certain sites, such as YouTube, Facebook and Google for censorship.

The media is not allowed to broadcast anything that could demoralize authority or disagree existing political values. Basically, journalists are harmless if they follow the invisible censor rules. Although at times, they may get trapped if they continue to criticize and hurt the image of the government. Chinese media has become progressively commercialized, with increasing competition, varied content, and investigative broadcasting.

 

Photos from http://www.theepochtimes.com/n2/china-news/google-accuses-china-of-tampering-with-gmail-53345.html and http://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/mar/03/wukan-villagers-elections-protests

Chinese Television Networks

Chinese citizens are being touched by the television every single day.

Chinese citizens are being touched by the television every single day.

There are different television networks in China that rely day-to-day information, whether it is news or entertainment. One of which is the China Central Television or the Chinese Central Television. It is also known as the CCTV. It is a state television broadcaster that is based in the mainland. It has a network of over 45 channels, presenting different programs that billions of viewers have access to. It is a mixture of documentary, comedy, entertainment, drama, mostly on Chinese soap operas and other forms of entertainment for the public. For the news, shows vary from the Culture Express, Travelogue, Center Stage, Asia Today, Communicate in Chinese, News Update, Sports Scene, Rediscovering China, and many more.

TV has also become one of the sources of news

TV has also become one of the sources of news

 

China Television Company is another separate entity that is ruled by the Nationalist Party of the Republic of China. It was initially formed in 1968, but started their trial broadcast the year after. It was the first television channel in Chna to broadcast in full color television services to the entire country. In 1999, it was listed on Taiwan Stock Exchange as the first broadcasting company in the island. It offers Main and News Channel, MyLife and also HD.

 

Chinese Television System is another thing. It is a broadcasting network, also based in the republic of china. It started at around a few years after CTC was launched. It was a joint partnership wit the Ministry of National Defense and the Ministry of Education. It used to provide an Electronic Government program; its role was to act as a news source for government workers. It also other types, whether in analog or in digital. It offers channels such as education and culture, recreation, news, entertainment, soaps and many more. It even has an online streaming platform for viewers abroad.

 

Today, more and more news networks and programs have been utilized, not only by the government, but also by the other sectors of society.

 

Photos from http://in.reuters.com/article/2013/10/21/china-satellite-tv-idINDEE99K04G20131021 and

The new age of digital

A lot of traditional media have moved to the space of digital.

A lot of traditional media have moved to the space of digital.

Over the years, the communication process of the world has gone from one on one, until it has evolved to going beyond borders. Thanks to the invention of the digital sphere, it has given a whole other meaning to what communication is.

Digital transformation talks about the changes that go with the application of digital technology in different aspect in the society of human. It can also be seen as the third stage of embracing digital technology. First we get to know digital competence, then level-up to digital literacy and evolve to the last step of digital transformation. In the last step, we talk about the usages of digital that creates new types of innovation and creativity in a certain output or domain, and not just simply enhancing and supporting the traditional types of methods.

People can process their government forms online.

People can process their government forms online.

Digital transformation in a nutshell can also mean going paperless. Ever since digital has been utilized in societies, we get to experience a paperless environment. Instead of letters being delivered out, we just send emails via our mobile phones, tablets and laptop computers. Aside from jotting down notes using paper and pen, we simply take photos and screenshots of whatever we may see. Even artists are creating their work in their technological gadgets to avoid wasting paper. Traditional media has also evolved and widen their scope by tapping into digital. Newspapers, magazines and tabloids have put up website and e-books on their daily posts for users to subscribe to.

Digital transformation affects different sectors in society, mainly the businesses, government, mass communication, art, medicine and science. For the government, a lot of their services can be found in the web. People can inquire certain requirements of government services online. With just a few clicks, you can already save a lot of time, aside from lining up their offices. Digital has improved the system, most especially of the government side.

 

Photos from http://www.engadget.com/2011/07/18/cnn-starts-streaming-24-hours-of-news-online-and-on-your-iphon/ and http://gadgets.ndtv.com/internet/news/japan-considering-response-to-surging-cyber-attacks-on-government-sites-556783

Telecommunication in China

China had one of the biggest population of mobile phone usage.

China had one of the biggest population of mobile phone usage.

China possesses a different system of communication compared to other countries that links different parts of the country through the internet, telephone, telegraph, radio and television. The People’s Republic of China is served by a complex system of automatic telephone exchanges that is connected by different current networks of fiber-optic cables, and different kinds of microwave radio relay and satellite systems. For the past several years, the cellular phone service networks have been widely available, this includes roaming services even to foreign countries. And this is not just within China, but in the entire world.

It was reported back in 2004 that China had over 295 million subscribers to the main telephone lines, and 305 million in the cellular phone network. And over the years it has continue to grow and grow. Way back in 1995, the numbers were extremely in the opposite side of the spectrum. Only 3.5 million were subscribers to cellular phone networks, and an average of 20 million in the main line.

Landline users dropped after an increase of 3G mobile usage.

Landline users dropped after an increase of 3G mobile usage.

Internet has also boomed in the country from 1995 with 60,000 internet users, then shoots up to 22.5 million in 2000. By 2005, the number has reached until 103 million web users. It is the second largest user population in the world, next to the United States with 159 million users. By 2010, it has quadrupled its population to 420 million internet users, which is greater than the population of the United States. It was announced by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology that last March 2012, the country had over 1.01 billion mobile phone users, and 144 million of these were already connected to their 3G networks. Because of this, the population of landline users sloped down by 828,000 from a total of 284.4 million I just a span of two months.

 

Photos from http://usa.chinadaily.com.cn/weekly/2012-05/11/content_15265342.htm and http://notesonliberty.com/2014/01/