Extent of Internet Censorship

Chinese Internet users do not have access to famous sites such as Google

Chinese Internet users do not have access to famous sites such as Google

Surfing the Internet in China is known to be unique all over the world. The information found in the “national World Wide Web” greatly differs from other democratic states. Due to China being a socialist state, the Internet content is highly regulated. It is in fact deemed by some to be the “great firewall of China” wherein it does not allow users from the People’s Republic to gain access on contents that the government deems as sensitive. Events like the protest happening in Tibet or when students were prohibited to conduct protest in Tian’anmen Square in June 1989. The government has the control over the content that should pass their standards. The primary factor that they consider on whatever posts to be put up in the Internet is the absence of criticism or attacks towards the government.

Chinese government constantly observe contents uploaded in the Internet

Chinese government constantly observe contents uploaded in the Internet

 

Another factor that they consider in the censorship of content is that the site should not be influenced by Western culture. Thus sites that are made in the West such as Facebook, Youtube and Twitter have been unavailable in the region. However some Chinese users still gain access through bypassing the system put up by the government. Despite some users gaining access to such site, the government still has a thorough censorship of various contents in the Internet. In fact the central government has employed more than fifty thousand online police officers to monitor the activities of the users. They actually observe online activities for 24 hours. Such content control agents do moderation of online content through influencing contents found on various threads on most popular bulleting boards (BBS). There are claims wherein users posting positive commentary on BBS receive payment from the government for about 50 cents a post. They have been called as the “Fifty Cent Party”. The rapid increase of users post a great challenge for the authorities on regulating online content.

Images by Daxue and China Law & Policy

Government using Internet to gain influence

Chinese officials have been working on appeasing Internet users

Chinese officials have been working on appeasing Internet users

Chinese official has been using the Internet to gain support from the citizens. Despite the fact that some Chinese Internet users believe they have some sort of freedom from the government, officials has been using the platform to forward their political agenda. The increase of Internet users in China initiated the start of the “digital revolution”. The upside of immediately publishing an article and interact with millions of people has been revolutionary. Majority focuses on their ability to criticize openly the government. At the same time for the Party, it has been a significant tool for propaganda especially on state controlled media, which are primarily found in Beijing. The increase on contents containing criticisms allowed for the Chinese officials to pick up the various irreconcilable contradictions.

internet_cafe_china

The Internet in China has been a platform of different concerns of citizens and even extended into a way of protesting against the repressive policies implemented by the government. Unfortunately, the impact of such protest has not been significantly felt. In fact it reaffirmed the power of the Party further because of the ability of the government to easily dismiss such complaints. Beijing officials do this through conducting online chat sessions and even hiring some Internet users to post positive commentary. They have been clever in terms of trying to remove “offensive” content through establishing a positive characterization of the government. This endangers the ability of political discourse to take place because of the inability of some users to match the commentary provided by such officials. It is important for the government to remove them from such censorship because it would not allow citizens to freely express what they want to say. The positive commentary contributes to making a particular contested issue to be discussed extensively. Such practice will not allow some users to have an in depth knowledge of the issue in the point of view of other people.

Images by Jason Lee and CNME

Mobile Phones Create New Politcal Outcomes

The growing importance of mobile media in popular protests has attracted considerable attention

The developing vitality of mobile media in well known challenges has pulled in extensive consideration as far and wide as possible, as an expanding number of individuals are appropriating and taming their cell telephones for true activation of aggregate activity and the consequent start, association, and usage of social developments. The infiltration of cellular telephones in Chinese day by day life has made aggregate activities simpler to sort out and tested government oversight.  Cellular telephones as various media stages likewise give an improved and adaptable method for making and dispersing informal and hostile to power messages. The most widely recognized and advantageous means incorporate voice calls, gathering messaging, and picture informing. The developing ubiquity of the portable Internet likewise encourages correspondence and data offering on the web. These innovative peculiarities engage conventional nationals, offering every single cell telephone client the fundamental assets to be a national writer, and producing another type of mediated visibility in Chinese society. Pictures or features caught by regular people with the cam on their cell telephones on the scene of, case in point, constrained pulverization or mainstream dissents, have habitually been transferred and saw by the populace of China and the world through Weibo, Chinese microblogging sites, Youtube, and even standard media. The straightforwardness with which substance can be both made and imparted to nearby and worldwide gatherings of people undermines the guardian part held up to this point by the customary broad communications.

Cell phones as multi-media stages create new potential outcomes

 

With the assistance of cell phones, live reporting by conventional natives with on-the-spot scope empowers speedy reactions to the occasion, eagerly captivates nationals in spreading data about politically delicate subjects, communicates diverse renditions and feelings of the occasion and even condemns the legislature, and powers to change both their hard-fisted reactions to difficulties from beneath and their savage controls over open correspondence, specifically the broad communications. Along  these  lines, cell phones as multimedia stages create new potential outcomes for testing the party’s hegemonic talk in the general population circle, affecting the administration controlled media, and advertising transparency in Chinese society.

Images by i.cbc.ca and dailymail.co.uk

Access to the Internet

Mao Zedong

Access to the Internet in China has ended up exponentially since the country manufactured its first relationship in 1993. Official Chinese work places ensure that 22.5 million people has section to the Web before the end of 2000, though overall sources put the figure closer to 17 million. Pushing firms foresee that China will surpass Japan as the Asian country with the most Internet customers by 2004. China has moreover saw a snappy augmentation in zones and Web goals and more Internet customers are getting to the Internet from PCS at home and the working environment, and from the more standard zones of school and open Internet bistros . As the Internet takes hold in the country, various overall spectators have begun to suggest that the designing speaks to an unfavorable danger to China’s despot organization. In any case the Chinese government has responded with different proactive measures to reap the building’s benefits. Since the Chinese Communist Party came to power in 1949, the state has kept up a robust, if fluctuating, level of control over ICTS. State techniques to media and Icts have irrefutably kept an eye on the congruity between monetary modernization and political control day talks of the Internet’s progression in China. Appropriately, notwithstanding the way that the Internet may differentiate radically from past sorts of media, we can similarly put it against a more far reaching history of state control of media and ICTS. In the summon economy of the Mao Zedong period, the media’s ability was to serve state captivates and energy ideological power on society. Mao’s organization was portrayed by vertical control of correspondence, obliging a top–down media schema. Web utilize and advancement by the private area can likewise posture difficulties to state control of the economy and the political circle. On an expansive level, Internet–driven financial improvement might in the end help make a white collar class that will push for political liberalization. Supporters of China’s entrance into the World Trade Organization likewise attest that outside interest in China’s Internet area will help open the nation to more target news and data; support in the formation of a household entrepreneurial class, and weight the Chinese government for more prominent transparency and flexibility of data.

open the nation to more target news and data

 

Images by en.wikipedia.org and rnw.nl

Mobile phones and the political world

More from the youth are increasingly consuming the product.

More from the youth are increasingly consuming the product.

The dissemination of mobile phones in the daily life of a Chinese has created cooperative activities, to make it easier to organize and challenge government censorship. Stressing this new form of communication, we will shows how the traditional mass media’s responsibility as gatekeeper is declining.

 

In popular protests, there has been a growing importance of mobile media, which has gained and attracted considerable attention all over the globe, as an increasing large group of people are appropriating and domesticating their mobile phones for the real-world mobilization of shared responsibility and the following initiation, organization, and execution of social movements. Last 2011 in the spring time, everyone from around the world watched, as both online and mobile-phone–facilitated a twitter-based revolutionary commitment, has swept all over the Middle East. Being one of the current and up-to-date and eye-catching mobile-phone–facilitated revolts, also known as the “Twitter Revolution,” not only assembles prevalent offline protests, but also encourages additional study of the role of the mobile phone in common protests in the setting of growing use of mobile devices in activities such as social activism, social movements, and contentious politics.

Mobile communication as a means for protest.

Mobile communication as a means for protest

Even in China, there has been a growing use of mobile phone-facilitated protests. The use of mobile media is not just for spreading censored information, but more importantly to facilitate demonstrations and strikes, even to trigger mass incidents involving violent conflicts. In recent years, mobile communication has become a growing influence on the politics and society of China. It is a mundane communication tool and as a multi-media platform, as it connects different types of media, all into one device.

 

In the case of China, mobile communication lowers the threshold for applying and appropriating technology to struggle against the authorities by shaping itself as the weapon of the week in just a hand.

 

Photos from http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2013-12-23/how-many-iphones-can-apple-sell-in-china and http://chinesemartialstudies.com/2012/10/17/is-the-iphone-killing-kung-fu-economics-and-globalization-in-chinese-martial-studies/90s-generation-chinese-students-military-training-girl-cell-mobile-phone/

Propaganda in Chinese Communication

There has been a rapid growth of the use of Internet in China over the past 2 decades.

There has been a rapid growth of the use of Internet in China over the past 2 decades.

Over the past twenty years, the people from China has been experiencing a rapid spread of information and communication technology that has given the ascent to different social networking sites. These online tools have the power to even counter the country’s adaptive propaganda state.

A lot of scholars and experts in today’s time have been currently doing an ongoing study on the transformation of political communication within the country of China. It is found that the state has the capability to gather all information from social media and control the media through commercialization of mainstream media. They have continuously gained the power over these technologies to facilitate and mandate public supervision of the Communist Party in the country. The information intake of these people have radically transformed the relationship between the government and society.

Criticism is found in news reporting and personal blog posts, and this does not just go for China, a lot of people from different countries have this capability, because as far as they know, Internet is a tool where they can exercise their freedom to project what they feel or think. In short, an avenue where they can freely express their emotions and opinions. It may often contain politically sensitive forms of criticism about the central party-state, local officials, social phenomena or even corporations. Pluralism is very much evident in this type of situation. It is the presence of two opposing parties’ perspectives regarding the same issue or concern. But with articles or blog postings that only contain one side of the perspective or story regarding the government, it is definitely categorized as a propaganda material, and how this shapes or guides the opinion of the public.

It has been found that Internet can be a tool for propaganda.

It has been found that Internet can be a tool for propaganda.

The internet has developed a more free environment towards traditional media, like newspapers and print. That is why a lot of people are moving towards this space.

 

Photos from http://www.theguardian.com/technology/internet+world/censorship and http://www.theatlantic.com/china/archive/2013/09/enough-with-the-word-netizen/279969/