China cyber theft

 

Mike Mcconell

The former director of national intelligence Mike McConell gave out his assessment on the state of the Unites States private sector’s cyber defenses to prevent the Chinese from doing cyber espionage activities. He used to serve under United States President George W. Bush and now a high-ranking advisor to Booz Allen Hamilton. For the past few months, the Chinese have been able to get inside every major corporation and as a consequence took information. However there have been no findings of Chinese malware. He discussed in his speech in University of Missouri how throughout his last year of serving in the Bush administration, China employed 100,000 hackers whose singular purpose was to infiltrate computers and networks. McConell, who was also the director of the National Security Agency in the 1990s, was known to be a hardliner when it comes to the competition of the United States and China in cyberspace, openly calling China’s behavior as cyber thievery.

James Comey

More recently, in October 2014, FBI director James Comey joined the chorus of worried American policymakers by stating that “there are two kinds of big companies in the United States. There are those who’ve been hacked by the Chinese and those who don’t know they’ve been hacked by the Chinese.” Such claims against China have been questioned by a lot of people. It is questionable whether China has hacked into every single large United States Corporation and more importantly, whether it actively converts the data it extracts to benefit its civil sector companies. Some experts see how Beijing does not attach high importance to “the analysis of its intelligence product on non-military foreign intellectual property rights with a view to passing it out to Chinese corporations to make a profit.” Some think that the Chinese government has only a small office, with somewhere around 20 people actively involved in cyber theft. In fact there has been no evidence in the public domain that such office exist.

Images by ABC

China imprisoning corrupt officials

China has been targeting corrupt officials

Su Rong has been removed from the Communist Party due to being charged for corruption and faces prosecution, the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI) said in a statement on Monday. The institution that is in charge of anti-corruption states that the former vice-chairman of the parliamentary advisory body abused his position to receive “large sums of illegal bribes”, which resulted in “huge losses of government assets”. This has always been the major problem the Chinese government wherein officials take bribes in order to gain more money.

Su Rong was sacked from the Communist Party

Several papers, including the Beijing News and the Beijing Youth Daily, have noted the “strong-wording” used in the CCDI’s statement.The CCDI said some officials “blatantly accept bribes and confer official ranks for money” and “support and wilfully permit relatives to use their status to interfere in politics”.The Beijing News notes that the choice of some “fiery words” in the statement reflects the authorities’ determination to fight corruption. This could be seen from the past sentences made by the institutions wherein they continuously go after corrupt officials. However at times the motives are questionable whether or not the intention is to make the official accountable for their action. “The CCDI has sounded out what was on everybody’s mind, so now people have nothing much to add,” notes the editorial.The Beijing Times agrees that the choice of strong words was “deliberate to sound a warning” to other officials.Lyu Pin, a professor at the China Central Party School, however, tells the People’s Daily that despite the “high-pressure tactic”, lower ranking officials in some regions are “still turning a deaf ear” and some are even “getting bolder in their corrupt behavior”. Admitting that the fight against corruption is “complex and challenging”, the Communist Party’s flagship paper stresses that the authorities have “strategized their moves” for the year, “casting nets everywhere” to capture violators.

Images by CFI and Reuters

Xi Jinping’s trip to United States

President Xi Jinping is set to meet President Obama in Washington

China’s state media welcome the recent announcement that President Xi Jinping could visit the US, voicing hope for an improvement in ties. This is a great opportunity to discuss possible economic agreement in order to further boost each country. US National Security Adviser Susan Rice said on Friday that Washington had invited Mr Xi on a state visit later this year.A report in the Global Times’ Chinese edition thinks the trip will be a “significant expression of friendly China-US ties”. A commentary in the paper insists Beijing is not opposed to Washington’s much-trumpeted “pivot to Asia”, but adds that “stability in China-US ties is essential” for the success of the strategy.”Mr Obama understands this, so inviting Chairman Xi to visit is to an important step to ensure such stability,” says the article. China has been accused by the United States for trying to claim territories that are not really theirs. The meeting between two leaders will allow them to discuss the matter.

The meeting will be an opportunity to discuss US-China relations

While pointing out that major differences still exist, the China Daily urges both sides not to let these “stand in the way of improving bilateral relations”, and to be “aware of where to toe the line so as not to infringe upon each other’s core interests”.Although China last week protested against Mr Obama’s attendance at a prayer event with the Dalai Lama, the China Net news portal praises the US president for not directly meeting the exiled Tibetan spiritual leader, saying this shows the White House does not want the Tibet issue to hurt relations.It adds that the invitation to Mr Xi demonstrates that Washington “clearly understands that Beijing is no longer a weak opponent”. But noting that the US has also invited Mr Abe to a state visit, the commentary adds that Washington is “still playing a balancing act between China and Japan”.”Long-term effort is still required to build up mutual trust between Beijing and Washington,” it concludes.

Images by Jason Reed and The Daily Signal

China on the Sony cyber attack

Sony Hacking incident

Sony Hacking incident

The hacking of Sony Pictures last December has been done by the North Korea. This was in response to the release of the Interview, which tries to mock the North Korean government. United States officials believe that North Korean government orchestrated the cyber attack. President Obama called for China to help out in preventing future cyber attacks from North Korea. The United States government wants a blocking action “something that would cripple their efforts to carry out attacks”. The reason why the United States is seeking the help of China is that North Korea’s telecommunications networks are closely linked to China. Majority of Chinese companies operate almost all of North Korea’s networks. The United States officials believe North Korea often either routes its hacking attempts through Chinese servers or sends hackers to China to conduct operations.

Chinese officials doesn't want to help US

Chinese officials doesn’t want to help US

Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying denounced the Sony attack saying to reporters that “China is against all forms of cyber attacks and cyber terrorism, including cyber attacks launched by any country or individual by using facilities beyond its own national borders against a third country.” This statement assures that the Chinese did not help out North Korea in conducting the cyber attack. The Chinese Foreign Minister is believed to be communicating with Secretary of State John Kerry about the cyber security issues. However China did not state whether or not they would help out United States with regards to stopping North Korea. They just question the claim of United States on the involvement of North Korea on Sony cyber attack. In the statement made by the foreign minister “We need sufficient evidence before drawing any conclusion,”. North Korea has denied any involvement in the hacking attack. They said in a statement “We do not know who or where they are but we can surely say that they are supporters and sympathizers with the DPRK,”.

Images by Reuters and Jason Lee

Media serving as a narrator

Individual narrative could change the way media tell the story

Individual narrative could change the way media tell the story

The media could be a platform into forming a theme connecting various elements from a news story. This could help readers in fully understanding the issue at hand in a coherent whole. This could be achieved when we allow people to have an individual narrative in the media. It could aid in a better understanding and even affect the standing of the media. It doesn’t necessarily mean that the media should portray the most real story but there should be a selection of reality wherein it could also serve as a deflection of reality. For example, in the coverage of environmental news story, majority of the time news outlet either selectively present damage or selectively expose commercial corruption leading to the damage. It has never been published any personal impacts or even explore the systematic problem of various plants. It has been intentionally left out by different news outlet.

Media could attract more audience

Media could attract more audience

The strategy of news agency has been failing due to the inability to make the audience connect to the environmental issues at hand. The audience could be easily swayed over the fact that maybe the priority should be the economy and not the protection of the environment. In order to resolve such failure of the media to engage audience, they could facilitate a better way of providing stories centering on a particular individual. The media should be able to formulate such framework wherein people could easily understand the various points of view of individuals who are willing to share their stories. The successful portrayal of various stories could lead to an audience capable of extrapolating the larger relationships, patterns and issues. The personal narrative could make the audience attracted into engaging with the issue due to an easier way of appealing to the emotional side of the person. Then the audience could further explore on the technicalities of the issues. As we see, the media could be a narrator who best arranges the stories that seem to be isolated to other people and make it useful to solving the various issues.

Images by Matthew Bell and The Washington Post

Vietnam-China Relations

Vietnamese Protesters

Vietnamese Protesters

When the crisis between China and Vietnam started last May, some experts believe back then that the bilateral relations had been compromised. The crisis took back the Vietnam-China relations into a worst possible crisis since the 1979 border war. However in the recent events, Beijing and Vietnamese officials are now working into trying to strengthen their ties and forget the oilrig crisis. During the oilrig crisis there was a physical confrontation between Chinese and Vietnamese civilian law enforcement vessels. Such event incited violence in Vietnam wherein the people conducted anti-China riots, evacuation of Chinese workers from Vietnam, a decrease of Chinese people going to Vietnam and even the Vietnamese government threatening China to taking legal action in the international court.

Vietnamese foreign security officials attending conference in Beijing

Vietnamese foreign security officials attending conference in Beijing

In trying to repair its relations to Vietnam, Chinese officials had sent out special envoys and even opened up bilateral channels of communications among various governmental agencies that were greatly affected by the incident. The concerns of Vietnamese officials are appeasing the sentiments of its citizens and the prevention of damaging bilateral relations. During the visit of State Councilor Yang Jiechi to Hanoi, the media focused on the remarks about the territorial disputes in South China Sea. Such remarks symbolize how China would want to prevent the possibility of worsening the dispute against other countries. In fact Yang’s visit is a signal that China would want to maintain its relations among countries involved in the dispute. There was also a confidential behind-the-scenes discussion by representatives of Chinese and Vietnamese communist parties.

At the time wherein the 13 member high level Vietnamese military delegation visited Beijing last October 16, Chinese and Vietnamese media reported greater details on the substance of the exchanges. Such coverage could be an effect of the peaceful atmosphere in the bilateral meetings. Vietnam and China used past diplomatic solutions in repairing their strained relationship. In the coverage of the media, it emphasized on the remarks of Lt. Gen Fan Changlong, Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission, who said that China has always been friendly and cooperative towards Vietnam. Unlike South Korea who just merely dismissed calls of Vietnam comfort women activists to obtain an apology from their government, China has in fact showed its efforts in trying to repair its relations with Vietnam.

Images by BasPhoto and talkVietnam

Confucianism: Affecting Political Communications in China for Millennia

For over two thousand years, Chinese history has been filled with bloodshed, wars, and some inhuman violence. Chinese Dynasties have been changed from one to another, as emperors tried to outlast each other in order to get the power that they desire. But behind all these negatives, it can still be said that the Chinese political system has remained stable and enduring throughout the years.

A logical reason for this as accepted by many is the idea of Confucianism that political leaders in China continuously embrace up to now. In simple context, Confucianism has been the dominant source of Chinese political thinking.

Confucius

Confucius

Confucianism is the way of life that was propagated by the legendary Confucius. This ideology has been followed by the Chinese for over two millennia already and has transformed over time. The influence of Confucianism was not limited to China; actually, its influence has been extended to other Asian countries such as Korea, Japan, and Vietnam. Unfortunately in Korea, the idea of Confucianism has not been maintained as evident in the issue of Korean Comfort Women.

The idea of Confucianism has truly affected the peaceful political system and communication in China. Ideas of Confucianism such as social hierarchy, family authority, and emphasis on public rituals and morality of individuals have become operative principles of Chinese political practices, causing success for thousands of years.

Although the idea of Confucianism is considered to be traditional and rhetorical, no one can deny that it is still practiced until now.

The ultimate political goal of Confucius was to achieve moral idealism of the rulers and individuals, which in turn would contribute to an orderly and civilized society. For Confucius, an orderly and harmonious society can be achieved and maintained by two important values and practices- ren and li. Ren consists of values such as humaneness, goodness, kindness, benevolence, virtue, and love for fellow men. On the other hand, Li focuses on rites, customs, ceremony, ritual, rules of propriety, decorum.

Perhaps the best way to prove that Confucianism is indeed practiced up to this day is the mere fact that current President Xi Jinping endorsed the promotion of Confucius and Confucianism.

President Xi Jinping

President Xi Jinping

Images from SCMP and Confucius Institute

Chinese Political Discourse

China is known for speaking against the United States

China is known for speaking against the United States

The contemporary Chinese political discourse (CCDP) has been continuously evolving for the past couple of years. There was a time wherein the political discourse of China had a hierarchical structure. In the founding of People’s Republic during 1949 to 1978 the discourse happening majorly focused on the class struggle wherein there is a fight between the society and the bourgeoisie. The discourse only became open and covered multiple facets during the economic reform that took place in 1978. China has been experiencing globalization. The country mainly focuses on the ability to address the concerns with social equality and global security. In order to properly resolve those specific concerns, it is necessary for the country to take into account the fixing of historical and cultural concerns or they could create a new one.

Chinese officials has been preserving the Chinese culture for a long time

Chinese officials has been preserving the Chinese culture for a long time

China has been known into opposing the ability of other culture to affect their own because of their need to preserve it. The CCDP has been focusing in trying to repair the damages of the past colonization of other countries. The inability to interact with other culture was due to the fact that they are suffering from a humiliating experience of subjugation over foreign power. Until now Chinese have been stubborn into accepting such culture in their country. That is the reason why the United States could not entirely dominate the international politics, economy, military, science and technology, education and international communication. The CCDP mainly focuses on the ability to nurture the political discourse happening at home. However it also addresses the ability of the government to resist dominant abusive countries. China has been an established critic of western countries especially at times wherein there is a necessity for everyone to enact a certain policy. China consistently pointed out the inability of western countries specifically the United States to admit their insufficiency in providing a fair discourse.

Images by Foreign Policy Association and Greg Baker

Popular Mass Media

 

Mass Media may just be the fastest way to get current news and information out to the public. Mass media is everywhere, it will show itself to you even if you are not looking for it. Newspapers front page change everyday. New information is always acquired. In some people’s eyes, a successful company first of all should be a company with a good brand effect. Then how to let other know your company? No matter which country your company is located, mass media is always s a good way. Beijing just might be the right place.

 
Everyone reads newspapers, its your dad’s everyday routine while drinking coffee before he heads out to work. China Daily is the only national English-language newspaper in China, and it is issued from Monday to Saturday with a Sunday edition-Business Weekly each week in Beijing. Like all other newspapers, China Daily has the usual sections including Home News, International News, and News on business, travel, sports and so on. You can buy it easily at newsstands across Beijing.
 
Broadcast is another way to go. China Radio International (CRI) aims at promoting understanding and friendship between the people of China and people throughout the world. It is the only national broadcasting station that broadcasts to the world. Now, CRI broadcasts 290 hours of programs each day to all over the world in 43 languages. 
 
Who doesn’t love TV? Now in China, there are 16 channels of CCTV and CCTV-9 (CCTV International) is the first channel that broadcast in a non-native language. All the programs are broadcasted in English for 24 hours, providing the service for the English audience anywhere in the world. CCTV-9 promptly, accurately, objectively, fully and evenly reports the current news and the significant events in China and other parts of the world and introduces Chinese history, geography, culture, natural scenery and so on.
Images from eurasiafestival.ru and foreignpolicy.com

Data Censorship

Data is not limited with the use of internet but also with the other means of obtaining information. This also involves the presence of the journalists and newscasters who generally give the timely broadcast of events to the citizens of China. However, the Chinese government is firm when it comes to the information being disseminated to the people. This follows that any form of statement against the government brings sanctions to those people who are involved. They have such closed policies that they want to be in control of all that are coming out of the media. Media, for a fact, is a strong tool to be able to share insights and create an impact. This is not applicable in China where the government is so involved in the process.

Journalists are affected in this policy for there are a lot to be censored when it comes to bringing people news. It is quite ironic to know that the information brought to people are limited and yet this system is not given some action that would change how things are. The internet sovereignty of China creates a border to all that are coming out of the country. This includes the means of communication and the voice of the people when it comes to economy and politics. The interests in working with the government is being limited and it results to an idea that anything done can be reflected to a poor government and the illegal spread of information brings harmful effects to its citizens. This makes everything uptight for the country knowing that nowadays, people need to be able to say something whether in the smallest possible ways. This action is self-centered for the government for they are distorting the people to be able to give them a view that what they are doing are just and right.